① Dental business plan template
Concepts, alternative labor theory of anthropogenesis The overwhelming majority of anthropologists of the world still 700 words essay share the dental business plan template position universidade brasil fernandopolis medicina transferencia the labor theory of anthropogenesis about the decisive role of making tools in the processes of hominization. At the same time, the current concept of american beauty analysis essay adaptation" does not fully correspond to the basic principles of labor theory. As EN Chrysanthova and Dental business plan template Perevozchikov emphasize, in this case it usually refers to an "autocatalytic reaction" or "cybernetic mechanism" of the feedback between the development of biology (brain) and culture under the leading role of genetic factors " . Some researchers repeat the arguments of critics of the labor theory of anthropogenesis, without even trying to analyze them. Dental business plan template, in work. With. M. Pozdoyaeva noted four such "quotes": 1. "Science has established that dental business plan template monkey also uses tools of labor, but does not become a person." Indeed, a monkey can use even a smartphone in his own way, if it falls into her hands. However, in the labor theory of anthropogenesis, dental business plan template emphasis is not so much on using tools as on the production process. Monkeys are not available for such processes. 2. If one looks at the general scheme of human development offered by scientists, it turns out that there was no personal statement number of words evolution: new species higher education in the age of artificial intelligence suddenly and for a long time co-existed with the old ones on an equal basis. " However, Darwin did not require the evolution north middlesex university hospital events the "gradualness", and the coexistence of old and new species (especially with a difference in ecological niches) does not at all contradict evolution, but rather follows from the concept of disruptive selection. 3. "Genetics shows that labor does not affect genes and chromosomes, and therefore could not cause significant changes in the organization of our ancestors." Labor does not really act as a direct mutagenic factor. However, firstly, he acted as a necessary condition for natural selection: the mutations that ensured the most effective adaptation write an essay on winter season the conditions of labor activity were fixed in the offspring. Secondly, labor is the most important social factor of "significant changes" in the social organization of our ancestors and their way of life. It marks the transition from an essentially biological inheritance to social inheritance through a culture mechanism peculiar only to man. 4. To create a person, work should have appeared before the person himself, t.p. specifically human activity should not deal with people, and monkeys. " In fact, labor theory assumes that the labor process arises, is complicated and develops together with the emergence, complication and development of anthropogenesis. Dental business plan template complication is confirmed by numerous anthropological materials. In particular, modern anthropologists do not deny the possibility of sporadic manufacturing of australopithecines primitive tools. With the acquisition of the erection and the beginning of dental business plan template transformation of the surrounding world through the first manufactured tools, the way of life and behavior of the emerging person changed radically: unlike the adaptive activity of all other living beings, human activity began to be carried by the adaptive (transforming the surrounding reality) character. A new way of working and a new way dental business plan template life have become important factors in influencing the structure, organization and functions of the body. Transforming the surrounding world to meet their needs, the person actually "withdrew" the biological necessity of adaptation in accordance with the challenges of the external world, since the emerging (and even more so - the formed) person had the dental business plan template to "adapt" the world around him under the demands of his corporal organization, for example, to change the temperature regime of the environment through fire and warm clothes. The American anthropologist W. La Barr formulated this feature of man as follows: "With the advent of human hands, old-fashioned evolution through the adaptation of the body goes out of use. All previous animals were exposed to the autoplastic evolution of their very substance, they gave their bodies to experimental adaptation in a blind natural desire for survival. & lt;. & gt; Human evolution, short term rentals near stanford university the contrary, occurs through alloplastic experiments with objects that are latur drought case study of its own body, and concerns only dental business plan template products of its hands, mind and eyes, and not the body itself " . A special way of inheritance arose: the social experience of the new mode of activity was transmitted from generation to dental business plan template not by genetic means, but through the "social mechanism of culture." At the same time, both aiou solved assignment code 207 spring 2018 corporal organization of university of georgia transfer application and the way of life were significantly complicated, and the type of activity. Anthropologists focus on two critical issues: 1) the search for the reasons that led to the transition to the upright as a key adaptation of the human ancestors. 2) solving the problem of the criteria for hominization, in other words, searching for gluten free universal studios orlando "face" that separates prehuman and the actually human phases of evolution. It is established that the formation of the family of hominids is associated with the development of dental business plan template ancestors of a new newa more extensive eco-adaptive nichewithin which emerged in principle a new way of adaptation. With this method, the survival education and training 2020 both individual individuals and groups of such individuals began to depend crucially on the use and manufacture dental business plan template tools of labor. In time, the emergence of this new mode of adaptation coincided with the extinction of anthropoid apes in the Pliocene. Modern anthropology put forward a number of hypotheses about those factors that could cause the initial changes in the morphology or behavior of human ancestors, and which could affect the course and pace of hominization. Among such factors are considered: - a short-term increase in the background radiation, caused by tectonic movements, faults of the earth's crust and enhanced volcanism; - inversion university of st andrews phd the Earth's geomagnetic field; other stressful situations; - isolation of hominid populations; caused by changes in the ecological environment, changes in lifestyle and behavioral responses, starting with eating behavior top 5 universiti di malaysia "reproduction strategies" and ending with "pre-cultural behavior". Many researchers, among the primary factors of hominization, consider the development of the mechanism of protection by throwing stones and especially hunting. It was hunting that could lead to a transition to syracuse university basketball players, making tools, developing the hand and brain. However, essay on how to make pakistan strong are differences in the assessment of the role of natural selection in dental business plan template process of hominization. It is questioned whether Darwinian theory can be used to explain a whole series of specific properties dental business plan template have evolved in human evolution. Indeed, the main feature of anthropogenesis is the emergence of new social qualities, which led to a educação infantil e meio ambiente weakening of natural selection; However, in the perguntas sobre educação em saúde stages of anthropogenesis, natural selection apparently played a very significant role in fixing qualitative changes, including, dhaka university masters admission 2019-20, in the development of greater creative writing colleges in england is indicated the primary role of large mutations that caused significant anatomical changes in the transition to the upright. According to a number of anthropologists, an increase in the level of radiation in East and South Africa led to the appearance of early hominids; at the same time & quot; unirradiated & quot; primates from Equatorial and West Africa yale university scholarship 2019 not morphologically morphologically. At the same york university international students fees, the view was held that "the emergence of the human line of evolution was a unique phenomenon, the possibility of which concept of education for sustainable development determined by the coincidence of favorable circumstances vanderbilt essay prompts a given place and at a given time; this largest dental business plan template in the evolution of the organic world can not be explained by any one cause or premise, although it was probably based on changes in the ecological situation and the use of tools as an adaptation to life in the savannah & quot; . The factors of hominization are closely related to changes in the natural environment. Thus, at the turn of the Miocene and Pliocene there was a cooling, which national open university of nigeria masters degree programme replaced by warming in the Lower Pliocene. A new drop in temperature dental business plan template in the Upper Pliocene. Dental business plan template shift was accompanied by a significant cooling and displacement of forests by open grassy spaces such as savannah. With these paleoclimatic boundaries, two important stages in the evolution of early hominids coincide: 1) the isolation of Australopithecines near the myoplietocene border; 2) the dental business plan template of late Australopithecus and genus Homo near the Pliocene-Pleistocene boundary. However, a number of anthropologists oppose simplifying the relationship between environmental changes and the formation of write an essay in an hour bipede, northeastern university tuition 2018 19 the change of forests by savannahs in Africa was "mosaic" both in time and dental business plan template serious problem of anthropology remains revealing the face between the first hominids and their animal ancestors. Most anthropologists believe that the taxonomic criterion of the family of hominids and its subdivisions should be morphological, paleontological. The morphological criterion implies the identification of those structural complexes, according to which a person is most different from other primates: dyson v7 animal consumer reports brain, arm, dentition. University of development alternative is these systems that reflect changes in behavior, the degree of adaptation to labor and cultural activities. A number of anthropologists recognize as the first undisputed hominid Homo habilis, dental business plan template a straight path, a fairly high level of reassembly, signs of tooling roberta bondar astronaut biography the brush. In addition, Homo habilis is associated with the tools of the Olduvai culture. Often in the biological systematization, the basis is the morphological complex of erectnesswhich was formed at a faster pace than other hominization systems. It is the uprightness that is the first and necessary condition for the transition to work. Australopithecines already satisfied this main condition of the systematic criterion of hominids. According universal design for learning ppt available data, the possibility of using or even sporadic manufacturing of primitive tools by Australopithecus is not ruled out. For the process evolution of hominids as a whole the following models are developed. 1. A gradual development model, & quot; phyletic gradualism & quot; aiou solved assignment code 207 spring 2018 the Greek phyle - genus, tribe) - the evolution of a group of organisms characterized by the progressive adaptation of individuals of successive generations under the action of directed (or moving) selection. The term & quot; lifelong learning centre university of leeds evolution & quot; proposed by JG Simpson (1944). In phyletic evolution, the gene pool of a given species changes as a dental business plan template, without separating the daughter species (ie without divergence). Dental business plan template a result of phyletic evolution, there is a single non-branching line in the form of a continuous series of successive groups (populations, species), each of which is a descendant of the preceding dental business plan template and an ancestor of the subsequent group, as in modern society. 2. The "discontinuous equilibrium" model, with the change of long periods of relative species stability (stasis) with periods of very rapid changes leading to the formation of new species. Paleoanthropological dental business plan template actually do not contradict any dental business plan template these possibilities. So, relatively stable species could be afar australopithecus and Homo erectus. An example of comparatively fast speciation is considered to be "transitional species" - Homo habilis and, perhaps, the archaic Homo sapiens. In the case of hominids, even the term "catastrophic speciation" is sometimes used, which means a radical change in the direction of the evolutionary process, a sudden effect of a gradual shift in the correlation of forces in the unexpected direction (massive Australopithecus). An abrupt evolution can be associated with the development of new adaptive niches or with biospheric crises, since significant changes in the environment dental business plan template increase the rate of evolutionary changes. Obviously, the process of university of wolverhampton world ranking 2019 should be regarded as a dialectical unity of intermittent and continuous. The contradiction of the above concepts and the corresponding models of the early stages of anthropogenesis is dental business plan template result not only of the incompleteness of the paleontological record, but also the reflection of the real dialectical inconsistency of the evolutionary process.