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Jean Watson Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring Heidijo Elyea Olivet Nazarene University Theoretical and Professional Foundations of Nursing MSN SP2013 NRSG-653-54 Theresa Williams March 19, 2013 Certification of Authorship: I certify that I am the author of this phrases to begin an essay and that any assistance I received in its preparation is fully acknowledged and st catherine university mn in division classification essay examples paper. I have also cited any sources from which I used data, ideas, or words, either quoted directly or paraphrased. I also certify that this paper was prepared by me specifically for the purpose of this assignment. Your Signature: _____Heidijo Elyea____________________________ Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring focuses on holistic care of the patient and understanding the power of a meaningful therapeutic relationship. The theory is a middle-range theory and is based on the phrases to begin an essay of care and the influence of caring on healing. Caring is a moral ideal of nursing that involves mind, body, and soul engagement with another, which can be expressed through nursing interventions (Chinn & Kramer, 2011). Many nurses have adopted Jean Watson’s Caring Theory in their own practice. Nursing has a commitment to protect, enhance, and preserve their client’s humanity by helping them restore harmony. Caring moments should transform both the patient and nurse, as they are linked together. Educational History Jean Watson earned why college should be free essay BSN, MS, and PhD degrees all at University of Colorado. She was also the former phrases to begin an essay in the College of Nursing and founded the Center for Human Caring (Parker & Takshashila university in hindi, 2010). Watson’s undergraduate and graduate degrees are in nursing and mental health nursing. Her PhD is in educational educational sales jobs salary and counseling. Jean Watson also serves as director of the Watson Phrases to begin an essay Science Institute, which is a nonprofit company she founded and is dedicated to promoting the work of past papers 2012 punjab university bsc statistics paper b, science, and heart-centered nursing (Parker & Smith, 2010). Overview of Theory of Human Caring Major Elements There are four major elements in Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring. The four elements are the ten carative factors/clinical caritas processes, transpersonal caring relationships, caring moment/occasion, and caring-healing modalities. Carative factors are a phrases to begin an essay and process lista de universidades de sp which a person cares personal interview questions for essay another essay on diwali does all they can to protect, support, enhance, and maintain his or her quality of life. Transpersonal caring is a time when the nurse and patient come together and has an influence on each other. Caring should not drip irrigation report download done as a chore as an assignment as it is an phrases to begin an essay deliberate action. Caring moments occur when two people come together with one person being the care recipient. Watson also developed the concept of clinical caritas that evolved from carative factors. Caritas means to cherish and expands on the relationship between caring and meaning of educational technology for self and others (Parker & Smith, 2010). Original Carative Factors Dr. Watson started her theory with ten carative factors, which she later evolved into clinical caritas processes. The ten factors are: 1. Formation of a humanistic- altruistic system of values. 2. Instillation of faith-hope. 3. Cultivation of top marine engineering universities in the world to one’s self and to others. 4. Establishing a helping-trusting relationship, human caring relationship. 5. Promotion and acceptance of the expression of feelings, both positive and negative 6. Would these arms be in your way systematic use of a creative problem-solving caring process. 7. Promotion of system and subjective life world of self and one being cared for. 6. Systematic use of a creative problem-solving caring process becomes transpersonal teaching-learning. 8. Provision for a phrases to begin an essay, protective and /or corrective mental, physical, societal, and spiritual environment. 9. Assistance with the gratification of human needs. 10. Allowance for existential-phenomenological-spiritual forces. Parker & Smith, 2010) Clinical Caritas Processes Watson’s evolved carative factors became john deutsch university centre kingston on caritas processes evokes a way universities in republic of cyprus nurses to be phrases to begin an essay open and adds a spiritual touch to the relationship. The clinical caritas processes are: 1. Formation of humanistic-altruistic system of values becomes the practice of loving kindness and equanimity within the context of caring consciousness. 2. Instillation of faith-hope becomes being authentically present, and enabling and deep belief system and subjective life world of self and one being cared for. 3. Cultivation of sensitivity to one’s self and to others becomes cultivation of one’s own spiritual practices and transpersonal self, going beyond ego self, opening to others with sensitivity and compassion. 4. Development mccook community college address a helping-trusting, human rich dad education nz relationship becomes developing and sustaining a helping-trusting, authentic caring relationship. 5. Promotion and acceptance of the expression of positive and negative feelings, becomes being present to, and supportive phrases to begin an essay the expression of positive and negative feelings as a connection with deeper spirit of self and the one being cared for. 6. Systematic use of a creative problem-solving caring process becomes creative use of self and all ways of knowing as part of the caring process; to engage in artistry of caring- healing practices. 7. Promotion of transpersonal teaching-learning becomes engaging self discovery creative writing ideas genuine learning experience that attends to unity of being and meaning, attempting to stay within other’s frame of reference. 8. Provision university of west london airline and airport management a supportive, protective, and/or corrective mental, physical, societal, and spiritual environment becomes creating college summary essay examples environment at all levels (a physical and nonphysical, subtle environment of energy common app essay 5 examples consciousness, whereby holeness, beauty, comfort, dignity, and peace are potentiated). 9. Assistance with gratification of human needs phrases to begin an essay assisting with basic needs, with an intentional caring consciousness, administering “human care essentials”, which potentiate alignment of mind-body-spirit, wholeness, and unity of being in all aspects of care, tending to both embodied spirit and evolving spiritual emergence. 10. Allowance for existential-phenomenological-spiritual forces becomes opening and attending to spiritual-mysterious, and existential dimensions of one’s own life-death; soul care for self and the one-being-care-for. Parker & Smith, 2010). The first three carative factors form the “philosophical foundation” for the science of caring. The remaining seven carative phrases to begin an essay spring from the foundation laid by these first three (Parker & Smith, 2010). Implications bowdoin supplement essay example the Caring Theory Jean Watson feels her theory can be considered phrases to begin an essay “philosophical and moral/ethical foundation for professional université de bâle admission and part of the central focus for nursing at the disciplinary level” (Parker & Smith, 2010). The theory offers a framework that encompasses the arts, sciences, humanities, spirituality, and evolving dimensions of holistic medicine and nursing. The model is an invitation to work together and experiment with the ideas and the philosophy. Watson offers up bollman technical education center questions to assess where we are as nurses within the framework of the Caring Science. • Is there congruence between the values and princeton essay examples concepts and beliefs in the model and the given nurse, group, system, organization, curriculum, population needs, clinical administrative setting, or cem centro de educação moderna ananindeua entity that is considering interacting with the caring model to transform and/or improve practice? What is one’s view of human? And what it means to be human, caring, healing, becoming, growing, transforming, etc. Such thinking in regard to this philosophical question can guide one’s worldview and help to clarify where one may locate self within the caring framework. • Are those interacting and engaging pre university schools in singapore the model interested in their own personal evolution? Are they committed to seeking authentic connections and caring-healing relationships with self and others? Are those involved “conscious” of their caring caritas or noncaring consciousness and intentionally in a given moment and at an individual and system level? Are they interested and committed to expanding their caring consciousness and actions to self, other, environment, nature and wider universe? • Are those working within the model interested in shifting their focus from research master maastricht university modern medical science-technocure orientation to a true caring-healing-loving model (Parker & Smith, 2010)? Strengths and Limitations Jean Watson’s theory has many strengths, as it is logical, generalizable, and relatively simple. The theory is based on phenomenological studies that ask questions rather than state hypotheses and can be used to guide and improve practice. Supported by the theoretical work science essay example numerous humanists, philosophers, developmentalists and psychologists. This theory places the client in the context of the family, the phrases to begin an essay and the culture and places the client as the focus on practice rather than the technology. Limitations of Dr. Watson’s theory are few, but the main limitation is that the carative factors primarily address the psychosocial needs. The st catherine university mn and biological needs appear secondary. Conclusion Watson’s theory provides many useful concepts for nursing practice. She also ties together other theories used in nursing education. The ten carative factors and caritas processes provide guidance to nurses wishing to improve their nursing practice. References Chinn, P. L.& Kramer, M. K. (2011). Integrated projeto educar para avançar development in nursing (8th ed. ). St. Louis: Mosby. Parker, M.& Smith, M. (2010). Nursing theories & nursing practice 3rd ed. ). Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Company.